The Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) is laparoscopic or key hole surgery of he stomach, it is a “restrictive” procedure and does not involve any surgery on or re-routing of the intestine. Sleeve gastrectomy in also known as tube or vertical sleeve gastrectomy, and is different from the stomach stapling procedures used in the past.
SG removes about three quarters of the stomach, which results in a decreased appetite and early satiety. Smaller amounts if food provide a sense of fullness. Food passes as normal down the oesophagus, through the resized stomach and into the small intestine.
SG has been used as a successful tool to assist with weight loss, initially as a staging procedure to more aggressive surgery, and since 2003 as standalone operation – once its advantages and good results become apparent.
Significant weight loss
Improvement of type 2 diabetes
Lower blood pressure
Relief of sleep apnoea
Decreased joint pain, improved mobility
Improved mood and self-esteem
An internal infection from leakage of digestive juices into body cavity
Wound infections at incision sites
Hernias – a weakening of the abdominal wall
Development of gall bladder disease and/or gall stones due to rapid weight loss
Blood clots may cause a more serious condition called a pulmonary embolism
As with any surgical procedure, there is a risk of death